There are no doubts that air transportation plays a significant role in economic development. A temporary shutdown of an airport may lead to a series of harmful effects to different stake holders of the aviation industry. One of the possible causes of air ports shut down is fire events. This explain the importance of fire protection systems in such facilities. Airports are usually consisting of terminal buildings, loading bridges or walkways and fueling ramps as well as aircraft hangers. These o
Clean manufacturing industries are those industries that involve processes extremely sensitive to air bourn contaminants (ex: smoke) or other types of contaminants. In such industries the active fire suppression system itself can increase the anticipated damage unless certain design aspects have been addressed. One of these aspects is the selection of the fire extinguishing agent and its effect on the equipment installed in the facility. Clean agent fire extinguishing systems were introduced to
Construction sites are generally vulnerable to fire threats for many reasons. They are commonly unprotected with fire protection systems. They are also unsecured and consequently subjected to trespassing, which can lead to vandalism, theft, and intentionally set fires. Moreover, ignition sources are common in construction sites. Much of construction site fires - not all of them – could
Heritage properties have cultural-historical or scholarly value. They also have financial value represented in a county`s revenue due the designation of such properties as tourism location. These properties are priceless as the ability to re-build such a property or re-produce any of the contents involved in it is extremely limited. Thus, an uncontrolled fire event in such a property may lead to severe cultural and economical
The education process is conducted in different properties based on the age of students. Pre-schools, schools and institutes as well as colleges and universities are examples of education properties. Different hazards are associated with those properties during fire events. School students may need their supervisors help during a fire event.
Generally, patients in a health care facility are assumed to be in-capable of self preservation. They may be in-capable of self evacuation or are ambulatory but incapable of perceiving a fire threat and choosing a rational response. Regularly, the offered services in a modern hospital may be divided into ambulatory care, general care and intensive care based on the condition of each patient.
Guests are the core of hospitality industry. They must be protected from harmful injuries and illness. A guest suffering from burns due to a fire event may ruin the business for a long period of time. Commonly, hotels are protected with sprinkler system, standpipe system and fire extinguishers as well as fire alarm system. A new approach for protection i
Industrial facilities involve different types of industrial processes. These processes differ based on the characteristics of the row materials and finished products and the nature of the processes themselves. Handling and storage of row materials or final products is one of the challenges when it comes to the fire protection of industrial facilities.
Maritime transportation have always been the dominant support of global trades. Hence, the safety of vessels is critical to the global economy. Modern passenger vessels are commonly protected with sprinkler system and fire extinguishers as well as fire alarm system. Standards outlines special requirements and approvals for system components and equipment used in maritime transportation.
Office buildings are used for conducting business transactions. They are commonly characterized as low hazard occupancies, however; a designer may need further assessments because such buildings may involve certain rooms that contribute a higher hazard classification due to their occupants or contents
Oil & gas industry is always associated with handling and storage of substantial amounts flammable materials. An uncontrolled fire event in an oil & gas facility may lead to catastrophic results including but not limited to personnel injuries and fatalities in addition to operation shutdown that may lead to financial disasters.
The repetition of electric power blackout in a region of country affects the investors decision to invest or conduct business with such region. It decrease the level of confidence in business reliability in this region. A fire event in a power generation facility may lead to a temporary or extended blackout.
Commercial facilities involve the display and selling of wide variety of goods and services. These facilities are usually categorized by sizes as it reflects the anticipated contents of displayed goods and quantity of occupants in such facilities. One of the major challenges of commercial facilities is the unfamiliarity of the occupants
Since the emergence of the internet, telecommunication became one of the main pillar of modern economy. This extended to higher levels in which ordinary people can`t lose their mobile or internet coverage.
Because of its intensive use of infrastructures, the transportation sector is an important component of the economy and a common tool used for development. Automotive transportation is the most common pattern of transportation in modern cities.